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دوشنبه, ۲۶ اردیبهشت ۱۴۰۱

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  • Why Was the Namirembe Agreement Signed in 1955

Why Was the Namirembe Agreement Signed in 1955

AND CONSIDERING an agreement concluded on 15 August 1955 entitled Buganda (Transitional) Agreement of 1955, Representatives of His Majesty and the Kabaka, Chiefs and People, according to which this agreement is to be implemented: the constitutional powers of the Kabaka shall be exercised, as far as possible, by the promulgation of written instruments signed by the Kabaka and countersigned by a Minister. To sign the final adoption, the laws adopted by the Grand Lukiko are signed by the Kabaka. The Buganda Agreement of 1955 was concluded between Andrew Cohen, Governor of the Protectorate of Uganda, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda. (3) If a function under this Constitution may be exercised by the Kabaka, that function shall be exercised by him, unless apparently intended otherwise, by means of a written document signed by him in the presence of a minister, who shall sign him as a witness. (b) Nominations shall be submitted in writing, signed by the members submitting them, to the President no later than the date fixed by him in that name. After further negotiations in London, Namirembe`s recommendations (with minor amendments) were adopted in July 1955 in the form of a new Buganda Agreement, which would “supplement and, if necessary, amend the 1900 Agreement” rather than replace it. [3] [7] The main delay was caused by a conflict between Mutesa`s desire to sign the final agreement in Buganda and the British view that his agreement was a precondition for his return. [7] The solution found was “a transitional agreement that will run until the main agreement in Buganda is signed by the Kabaka upon its return. This transitional agreement will respect the same conditions as the main agreement, with the exception of the transitional provisions, and will be signed by the personal representatives of the Kabaka after approval by the Lukiko. Six weeks after the appointment of Buganda ministers and Buganda representatives to the Legislative Council under the new arrangements, [the British government] would allow the Kabaka to return to Buganda, where it will sign the main agreement. [7] The Transitional Agreement was translated into Luganda and adopted on August 15, 1955. [1] The conference took place in Namirembe, near Kampala, and resulted in a comprehensive agreement. The conference recommended, inter alia, that the Kingdom of Buganda under the Kabaka government continue to be an integral part of the protectorate; whereas the management of public affairs in Buganda should be in the hands of ministers; and that the kabakas, while all the traditional qualities of the kabaka should be fully protected, in the future should be constitutional leaders committed by a solemn commitment to respect the terms of the constitutional agreements and not to endanger the security and well-being of the people of Buganda and the Protectorate.

The agreement was negotiated by Alfred Tucker, Bishop of Uganda, and signed, among others, by Katikiro of Buganda, Sir Apolo Kagwa, on behalf of the young Kabaka (Daudi Chwa) and Sir Harry Johnston on behalf of the British colonial government. (3) In order to ensure that the new rules can be well established before the decision, Grand Lukiko`s decision to return as an Indian from Kabaka Mutesa II or to elect a new Kabaka should be taken nine months after the entry into force of the new rules. However, Her Majesty`s Government will be happy to shorten the time limit if, before its end, it is satisfied that the constitutional rules are well established and functioning satisfactorily. Her Majesty`s Government will do everything in its power to bring it into force on 31 March next year. EidT was the bitter pill for Muteesa to swallow the solemn commitment. “I promise to be faithful to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, who enjoys the protection of Buganda, to govern her heirs and successors and buganda well and honestly in accordance with the law, and to abide by the terms of the agreements with Her Majesty and the Buganda Constitution,” he said, in accordance with the Bible at the affirmation ceremony. The 1955 agreement of 18 October 1955, one day after Muteesa`s return from exile, anh. 30. (1) A body shall be established to be called Buganda Appointments Board 2. On 1 March, it was announced that Sir Keith Hancock, Director of the Institute of Commonwealth Studies at the University of London, at the invitation of the Right Honourable Oliver Lyttelton, now Lord Chandos, and Governor of Uganda, has agreed to visit the Protectorate to consult with representatives of Baganda and the Protectorate Government on various constitutional issues relating to Buganda.

For three months, from June 24 to June 17. In September, Sir Keith Hancock chaired the talks, first with the Constitutional Commission appointed by Buganda Lukiko, then with the Committee and the Governor. The Buganda Agreement of 1955 was signed on 18 October 1955 between Andrew Cohen, Governor of the Protectorate of Uganda, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda. [1] The agreement facilitated mutesa II`s return as constitutional monarch and ended the Kabaka crisis that began when the Kabaka were exiled to England by Cohen in 1953. [2] It amended Uganda`s earlier agreement of 1900. [1] The final text reflected the agreed outcomes of the Namirembe Conference. This agreement can be cited together as the Buganda Agreement from 1894 to 1955. [3] [4] It was, of course, the calm in Uganda and the spirit of reconciliation and common sense that were demonstrated that made it much easier to reach an agreement. .